stock footage

stock footage, library pictures and file footage are film or video footage that has not been custom shot for use in a specific film or television program. Archive footage is useful to filmmakers as it is much cheaper than shooting new material. A single piece of archive footage is called a stock shot or a library shot. Archieve footage may already have appeared in previous productions but can also be outtakes or footage shot for previous productions but not used. Archive footage can also be used to integrate news footage or notable figures into a film or news bulletin.

Save money by making your own curtains

In these difficult financial times there are lots of ways we should be looking at saving money. Making things instead of buying the finished article is one solution. Soft furnishings are an area where we have gotten out of the habit of doing it for ourselves. Making curtains is a way to save substantial amounts of cash when redecorating. Courses on the subject can be found in many places online.

Block Paving Sealant

Block Paving Sealers Block Paving sealers are coatings applied to concrete to protect it from corrosion. The Block paving sealant either block the pores in the concrete to reduce absorption of water and salts or form an impermeable layer which prevents such materials from passing. Almost all damage to concrete is attributable to moisture intrusion.

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Planets and Societies


Society or human society is the set of relations among people, including their social status and roles. By extension, society denotes the people of a region or country, sometimes even the world, taken as a whole. Used in the sense of an association, a society is a body of individuals outlined by the bounds of functional interdependence, possibly comprising characteristics such as national or cultural identity, social solidarity, language or hierarchical organization. Human societies are characterized by patterns of relationships between individuals sharing a distinctive culture and institutions. Like other communities or groups, a society allows its members to achieve needs or wishes they could not fulfill alone

Planet 2


A planet (from Greek πλανήτης, alternative form of πλάνης "wanderer") is a celestial body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.

The term planet is ancient, with ties to history, science, mythology, and religion. The planets were originally seen by many early cultures as divine, or as emissaries of the gods. As scientific knowledge advanced, human perception of the planets changed, incorporating a number of disparate objects. In 2006, the International Astronomical Union officially adopted a resolution defining planets within the Solar System. This definition has been both praised and criticized, and remains disputed by some scientists.

The planets were thought by Ptolemy to orbit the Earth in deferent and epicycle motions. Though the idea that the planets orbited the Sun had been suggested many times, it was not until the 17th century that this view was supported by evidence from the first telescopic astronomical observations, performed by Galileo Galilei. By careful analysis of the observation data, Johannes Kepler found the planets' orbits to be not circular, but elliptical. As observational tools improved, astronomers saw that, like Earth, the planets rotated around tilted axes, and some share such features as ice-caps and seasons. Since the dawn of the Space Age, close observation by probes has found that Earth and the other planets share characteristics such as volcanism, hurricanes, tectonics, and even hydrology.




Humans are known taxonomically as Homo sapiens (Latin: "wise man" or "knowing man"), and are the only extant member of the Homo genus of bipedal primates in Hominidae, the great ape family. However, in some cases "human" is used to refer to any member of the genus Homo.

Humans have a highly developed brain, capable of abstract reasoning, language, introspection, and problem solving. This mental capability, combined with an erect body carriage that frees the hands for manipulating objects, has allowed humans to make far greater use of tools than any other species. Mitochondrial DNA and fossil evidence indicates that modern humans originated in Africa about 200,000 years ago. With individuals widespread in every continent except Antarctica, humans are a cosmopolitan species. As of May 2010[update], the population of humans was about 6.8 billion.

Like most higher primates, humans are social by nature. However, humans are uniquely adept at utilizing systems of communication for self-expression, the exchange of ideas, and organization. Humans create complex social structures composed of many cooperating and competing groups, from families to nations. Social interactions between humans have established an extremely wide variety of values, social norms, and rituals, which together form the basis of human society.


Planet 1